Orchestrator
2023.4
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Managing credential stores - Standalone 2023.4
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Orchestrator User Guide
Last updated Dec 6, 2023

Managing credential stores

Creating a credential store

  1. Click Add credential store on the Credentials page, in the Stores section. The Add Credential Store dialog appears.
  2. From the Proxy drop-down, select the desired proxy. Local contains all Orchestrator built-in stores. Any other available options constitute proxies created by you on the Add Credentials Proxy page.
  3. From the Type drop-down, select which secure store is used. The available options depend on the selected proxy.
  4. The next steps will vary based on the credential store you want to create. Your options are:
    • Orchestrator Database
      Note: You can only have one Orchestrator Database store.
    • CyberArk
    • Azure Key Vault – Choose between Azure Key Vault and Azure Key Vault (read-only)
    • HashiCorp Vault – Choose between HashiCorp Vault and HashiCorp (read-only)
    • BeyondTrust – Choose between BeyondTrust Password Safe - Managed Accounts and BeyondTrust Password Safe - Team Passwords
    • Thycotic Secret Server
    • AWS Secrets Manager – Choose between AWS Secrets Manager and AWS Secrets Manager (read only)

Orchestrator Database

Click Create - Orchestrator database stores do not have any configurable properties.

CyberArk

Note: A CyberArk store configured in multiple tenants using the same App ID, Safe, and Folder Name, will permit access to stored credentials across tenants. To maintain tenant-level security and isolation, ensure different configurations are used for each tenant's CyberArk store.
  1. In the Name field, type a name for the new credential store.
  2. In the App ID field, enter the application ID for your Orchestrator instance from the CyberArk® PVWA (Password Vault Web Access) interface. See here for details.
  3. In the CyberArk Safe field, enter the safe name as defined in the CyberArk® PVWA. See here for details.
  4. In the CyberArk Folder field, enter the location in which CyberArk® stores your credentials.
  5. Click Create. Your new credential store is ready for use.

CyberArk CCP

Note: A CyberArk store configured in multiple tenants using the same App ID, Safe, and Folder Name, will permit access to stored credentials across tenants. To maintain tenant-level security and isolation, ensure different configurations are used for each tenant's CyberArk store.
  1. In the Name field, type a name for the new credential store.
  2. In the App ID field, enter the application ID for your Orchestrator instance from the CyberArk® PVWA (Password Vault Web Access) interface. See here for details.
  3. In the CyberArk Safe field, enter the safe name defined in the CyberArk® PVWA. See here for details.
  4. In the CyberArk Folder field, enter the location in which CyberArk® stores your credentials.
  5. In the Central Credential Provider URL field, enter the Central Credential Provider's address.
  6. In the Web Service Name field, enter the name of the Central Credential Provider web service. If you leave this field empty, the default name is used: AIMWebService.
  7. The Client Certificate needs to be configured when the the CyberArk Application uses the client certificate authentication method. The expected input is a .pfx file which stores the private and the public key of the certificate. The client certificate needs to be installed on the machine where CyberArk CCP AIMWebservice is deployed.
    Note:

    The client certificate is used by CyberArk credential provided to authenticate the application defined in Orchestrator credential store. See the official CyberArk documentation for details on application authentication methods.

    The client certificate is a PKCS12 binary format file that stores the certificate chain public key(s) and the private key.

    If the client certificate is encoded in base 64 then run the following certutil command to decode it in binary format:

    certutil -decode client_certificate_encoded.pfx client_certificate.pfx

  8. In the Client Certificate Password field, enter the password of the client certificate.
  9. The Server Root Certificate needs to be configured when a self signed Root CA certificate is used by the CyberArk CCP AIMWebService for incoming HTTP requests. It is used in HTTPS TLS handshake certificate chain validation. The expected input is a .crt or .cer file which stores the root CA certificate public key.
  10. Click Create. Your new credential store is ready for use.



Azure Key Vault

Key Vault credential stores use RBAC type authentication. After you've created a service principal, perform these steps:

  1. In the Name field, type a name for the new credential store.

  2. In the Key Vault Uri field, enter the address of your Azure Key Vault. This is https://<vault_name>.vault.azure.net/.
  3. In the Directory ID field, enter the directory ID found in the Azure portal.

  4. In the Client Id field, enter the Application ID from your Azure AD App Registrations section where the Orchestrator app was registered.

  5. In the Client Secret field, enter the secret needed to authenticate the client account entered in the previous step.

  6. Click Create. Your new credential store is ready for use.



HashiCorp Vault

  1. In the Type field, select HashiCorp Vault or HashiCorp Vault (read-only) as your credential store.
  2. In the Name field, specify a name for the HashiCorp Vault credential store.
  3. In the Vault Uri field, indicate the URI to the HTTP API of HashiCorp Vault.
  4. In the Authentication Type field, indicate your preferred authentication method. Depending on the option you choose, yo must configure additional fields:

    • AppRoleThis is the recommended authentication method. If you choose this option, make sure to also configure the following fields:

      • Role Id – Indicate the role ID to use with the AppRole authentication method
      • Secret Id – Enter the secret ID to use with the AppRole authentication type.
    • UsernamePassword – If you choose this option, make sure to also configure the following fields:

      • Username – Enter the username to use with UsernamePassword.
      • Password – Indicate the password to use with UsernamePassword authentication type.
    • Ldap – If you choose this option, make sure to also configure the following fields:

      • Username – Specify the username to use with the LDAP authentication type.
      • Password – Indicate the password to use with LDAP authentication type.
    • Token – If you choose this option, make sure to also configure the following field:

      • Token – Enter the token to use with the Token authentication type.
    • In the Secrets Engine field, indicate the secrets engine to use. Your options are:
      • KeyValueV1
      • KeyValueV2
      • ActiveDirectory
  5. In the Secrets Engine Mount Path field, provide the path of the secrets engine. If not supplied, it defaults to kv for KeyValueV1, kv-v2 for KeyValueV2 and ad for ActiveDirectory.
  6. In the Data Path field, enter the path prefix to use for all stored secrets.
  7. In the Namespace field, specify the namespace to use. Only available in HashiCorp Vault Enterprise.
  8. Click Create. Your new credential store is ready for use.



BeyondTrust

  1. In the Type field, select one of the following options:

    • BeyondTrust Password Safe - Managed Accounts
    • BeyondTrust Password Safe - Team Passwords
  2. In the Name field, specify the name of the BeyondTrust credential store.
  3. In the BeyondTrust Host URL field, specify the URL of your secret server instance.
  4. In the API Registration Key field, indicate the value of the API registration key from BeyondTrust.
  5. In the API Run As Username field, specify the BeyondTrust username under which you want to execute the calls.

BeyondTrust Password Safe - Managed Accounts

If you chose BeyondTrust Password Safe - Team Passwords at Step 4, continue with the following steps:

  1. Optionally, in the Folder Path Prefix field, indicate a default folder path prefix. This will be added in front of all Orchestrator Asset values.

  2. In the Folder / Account Delimiter field, enter the delimiter used to split the Path from the Title in the Orchestrator Asset.
  3. Click Create. Your new credential store is ready for use.



BeyondTrust Password Safe - Team Passwords

If you chose BeyondTrust Password Safe - Team Passwords at Step 4, continue with the following steps:

  1. Optionally, in the Folder Path Prefix field, indicate a default folder path prefix. This will be added in front of all Orchestrator Asset values.

  2. In the Folder / Account Delimiter field, enter the delimiter used to split the Path from the Title in the Orchestrator Asset.
  3. Click Create. Your new credential store is ready for use.



Thycotic Secret Server

  1. In the Type field, select Thycotic Secret Server.
  2. In the Name field, type a name for the new credential store.
  3. In the Secret Server URL field, specify the URL of your secret server instance.
  4. In the Rule Name field, provide the client onboarding rule name.
  5. Optionally, in the Rule Key field, indicate the key from the onboarding rule. While this step is optional, we recommend specifying the Rule Key for improved security.
  6. In the Username Field field, specify the slug name of the Secret Template field that Orchestrator will pull the username from when retrieving an asset from Thycotic Secret Server.
  7. In the Password Field field, indicate the slug name of the Secret Template field that Orchestrator will pull the password from when retrieving an asset from Thycotic Secret Server.

    Note: You can find the slug name of the Secret Template field in Admin > Secret Templates > Template > Fields.


When an asset or robot is created in Orchestrator, it is linked to a pre-existing secret using the External Name. In this case, that is the actual Secret ID from Thycotic Secret Server.

You can find the Secret ID in the route. In the following example, it value is 5.




AWS Secrets Manager

  1. In the Type field, select AWS Secrets Manager or AWS Secrets Manager (read only).

    The choice between the read-only and the read-write version depends on your IAM policy permissions.

  2. In the Name field, type a name for the new credential store.
  3. In the Access Key field, add the access key ID available on the Security credentials tab of your AWS IAM user page.
  4. In the Secret Key field, add the secret key ID that was provided to you when you created the AWS IAM user account.
  5. Select the Use Default Credentials field - the following options are available:
    • True – if selected, the machine's assigned IAM role is used, and the Access Key and Secret Key fields should be left empty.
    • False – if selected, you need to enter the Access Key and the Secret Key yourself.
  6. In the Region field, add the region where you would like your secrets to be stored, as displayed in your AWS account.


    If you want to use AWS Secrets Manager (read only), you first need to create your asset or robot credentials in the AWS Secrets Manager.

Editing a credential store

Navigate to Stores (Tenant > Credentials > Stores) and from the More Actions menu of the desired store, select Edit. The Edit Credential Store dialog appears is displayed.

Note: The Orchestrator Database store does not have any editable properties.

Setting a default credential store

When using 2 or more credential stores, you have the ability to select which is the default store used for Robots and Assets. The same store may be used as the default for both, or you can select a different default store for each.

To select a default store, from the More Actions menu select Set as robots default store and/or Set as assets default store.

Note:

Changing the default store does not change an existing robot or asset configuration, it only controls what appears pre-selected in the Credential Stores drop-down when creating new robots or assets. Robots and assets always get their passwords from the store that was used when creating them. To change the credential store for a certain robot or asset, you must change it at the robot or asset level.

Deleting a credential store

To delete a credential store, select Remove from the More Actions menu of the desired store.

If the selected store is in use, a warning dialog will appear listing the number of robots and assets that will be affected. Click Delete to confirm the removal or Cancel to abort. Note that you must have at least one credential store active at all times. If only one is present, then the option to delete it does not appear.

Note: A credential store designated as default cannot be deleted. You must first select a different default store for the credential type.

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