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UiPath StudioX

The UiPath StudioX Guide

Excel Automation

About Excel Automation

StudioX offers a deep integration with Microsoft Excel and ships with a number of activities that automate the tasks you perform in Excel.

You start by adding the Excel file you want to automate as a resource to the automation project, and then add the activities to perform in the file. When configuring the activities that use the file, you can select sheets, tables, named ranges, and named cells directly from the Plus plus buttonplus button menu in StudioX. You can also seamlessly switch from StudioX to Excel to indicate the data to use directly from the file.

If you click Indicate in Excel in the Plus plus buttonplus button menu when configuring an activity to select data directly from the file, your spreadsheet is opened in Excel and a UiPath tab appears in the Excel ribbon. Select the data you want to use, for example a cell or a range of cells, and then click Confirm in the UiPath tab to confirm the selection.

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Note:

If you are using Microsoft Excel 2010, do not indicate entire columns in the Excel file (for example, B:G), always indicate finite ranges (for example, B1:G100). Due to limitations in older Excel versions, indicating entire columns may result in an error when the project is executed.

You can also manually indicate the Excel data to use by selecting the Custom Input option in the Plus plus buttonplus button menu. This option enables you to enter cell and range references, table names, or sheet names, which can be useful when you are working with Excel files with dynamic names, or with files that don't exist at design time and no template file is available.

If you want to repeat the same activities for each row in a range, add a For Each Excel Row activity, and then add the activities to repeat inside it.

To learn how to automate Excel tasks, see the tutorials in this section.

To find out more about Excel activities, this section contains detailed descriptions for each activity.

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Note:

There are a couple of different ways of launching and previewing Excel files, both at runtime and at design time. To learn more, see the Project settings.

Adding an Excel File to an Automation

There are two ways in which you can add an Excel file as a resource to an automation. The main difference between them is which activities in the project can access and modify the data in the Excel file:

  • Add a Use Excel File resource activity. Using this option, the data in the file can only be extracted or modified by the activities added inside the resource activity. After all the activities inside Use Excel File are executed, the file is closed. This is useful when the file will be created at runtime (e.g. downloaded or saved from an email attachment) or if the file needs to sent to another location (e.g. uploaded or sent as an email attachment).
  • Connect the project to the Excel file. Using this option, the file is added as a global resource, which means that it can be accessed and modified by all the activities in the project. The connection to the file is closed only after the execution of the automation is completed. This is intended for cases where the file name and location won't change and the file doesn't need to to be used for other purposes such as uploading or sending as an email attachment.

Connecting a Project to an Excel File

To connect to an Excel file and add it as a global resource:

  1. Click Connect to Resource add resourceadd resource at the top of the Data Manager panel, and then select Connect to a new Excel file.
  2. In the Manage Resource window, provide the following information, and then click OK:
    • Select Excel file - Click Browse browse filesbrowse files next to the field, and then browse to and select the Excel file to add to the automation.
    • And give it a name for later - Enter a name by which to refer to the file in the automation project.
    • Save changes - Select this option if you want the file to be saved at the end of the automation. Otherwise, the file is returned to the initial state after project execution. This option is selected by default.
      When the option to save changes is disabled, the message save off is displayed next to the Excel resource entries in the Plus plus buttonplus button menu and in the Data Manager panel.
    • Read only - Select this option if you want to open the file in read-only mode. This allows you to perform data extraction operations if the file is locked for editing or has an edit password. This option is not selected by default.

Managing Excel Resources

You can manage Excel resources from the Data Manager panel, regardless of the way in which they were added to the automation. Right-click an Excel resource and select one of the options in the context menu:

  • Open Excel file - Opens the file in Excel.
  • Open Excel file location - Opens the folder containing the Excel file.
  • Edit - Opens the Manage Resource window where you can edit the resource properties.
  • Delete - Removes the resource from the project.

About the Project Notebook

The Project Notebook is an Excel workbook that you can use as a scratchpad where to keep formulas and manipulate data. Its purpose is to be used for calculations and temporary data storage during project execution. By default, changes made to the Project Notebook are not saved when the execution of the automation is completed.

The default Project Notebook is a file named Project_Notebook.xlsx that is created by StudioX in the project folder. The file comes with a predefined set of formulas that you can use in any automation project. The formulas are split on several sheets based on the area they apply to. Each sheet contains cells where you can add input data and formulas that manipulate that data. The formulas are in easy to identify named cells that you can select for use in your automations directly from the Plus plus buttonplus button menu.

Configuring the Project Notebook

Select Notebook > Configure Notebook in the StudioX ribbon. You can configure the following settings:

  • Notebook file - Select another Excel file to use as the Project Notebook.
  • And give it a name for later - Enter a name by which to refer to the Excel file in the project when an activity interacts with it. The default name is Notes.
  • Access password - If applicable, enter the password required to open the file.
  • Editing password - If applicable, enter the password required to edit the file.
  • Autosave file - Select this option if you want the file to be saved at the end of the automation. Otherwise, the file is returned to the initial state after project execution. This option is not selected by default.
    When the option to save changes is disabled, the message Save changes: off is displayed next to the Project Notebook entries in the Plus plus buttonplus button menu and in the Data Manager panel.
  • Read only - Select this option if you want to open the file in read-only mode. This allows you to perform data extraction operations if the file is locked for editing or has an edit password. This option is not selected by default.

Project Notebook Formulas

The formulas available in the Project Notebook are detailed below. To learn how you can add formulas to the Project Notebook, see Tutorial: Adding Your Own Formulas to the Project Notebook.

Date

Enter a base date (by default today's date) in cell B4 (Date_Input) and a number of days (by default 7) in cell B6 (Days) to be added to the date in cell B4 later in the sheet. The following formulas are available:

  • Date plus a number of days (DatePlusDays) - returns the date that results from adding the number of days in cell B6 to the input date in cell B4.

  • Date plus a number of working days (DatePlusWorkingDays) - returns the date that results from adding the number of days in cell B6 to the input date in cell B4 not including weekends.

  • Date Format (YYYYMMDD) - returns the input date from cell B4 converted to a text with the format YYYYMMDD.

  • Today - returns today's date.

  • Last week's dates (Monday, Friday, Sunday) - returns the date for last week's Monday (LastWeekMonday), Friday (LastWeekFriday), and Sunday (LastWeekSunday).

  • Last month's dates (First and Last) - returns the dates of last month's first day (LastMonthStartDate) and last day (LastMonthEndDate).

  • First / Last business day this month - returns the dates of the first workday (ThisMonthFirstWorkingDay) and last workday (ThisMonthLastWorkingDay) from the current month.

Convert Text to a Date in a Locale-Independent Way

Enter a date in cell B18 (DateText) that contains Japanese characters for year, month, and day inserted after the numerals. The date in converted to the MM/DD/YYYY format and returned in cell B29 (ReformattedDate).

For an example of how you can use the formulas in the Date sheet, see Tutorial: Working with Files and Folders.

Text

Enter a text in cell B4 (Text_Input). To search for a specific text inside cell B4, enter the text to search for in cell B10 (Search). To replace the searched text with another text, enter the replacement text in cell B11 (Replace). The following formulas are available:

  • Trimmed - returns the text from cell B4 with any extra spaces removed.
  • Length- returns the number of characters in the text from cell B4.
  • Upper case- returns the text from cell B4 with all the characters converted to upper case.
  • Lower case - returns the text from cell B4 with all the characters converted to lower case.
  • Result - returns the text in cell B4 modified by replacing the text added in cell B10 with the text added in cell B11.
  • Contains - checks whether the text added in cell B10 appears in the text from cell B4 and returns TRUE if the text is found or FALSE if the text is not found.
  • First Name - returns the text before the last space character in the text from cell B4.
  • Last Name - returns the text after the last space character in the text from cell B4.

Extract Values from a Text

To extract a specific value from the text added in cell B4 to cell F5, add text to the left of the value in cell D5 and/or the text to the right of the value in cell E5. To extract multiple values, use the cells in the same columns on rows 6-9. You can use this in automations to extract variable values from blocks of text that follow the same template. For example, you can extract values such as invoice numbers and amounts from automated email notifications where they are preceded by the same labels.

For an example of how you can use the formulas in the Text sheet, see Tutorial: Extracting Data from Automated Emails and Moving It to a Desktop Application.

Number

Enter a number in cell B4 (Number_Input). The following formulas are available to manipulate the number:

  • Cleaned Up (CleanNumber) - returns the number added in cell B4 with all line breaks and non-breaking spaces removed.
  • Int - returns the integer part of the number from cell B4.
  • 2 decimals (TwoDecimals) - returns the number added in cell B4 with 2 decimal places.

Convert Text to a Number in a Locale-Independent Way

Enter a number that has no group separator or a point (.) as group separator, and has a comma (,) as decimal separator in cell B11 (NumberText_Input). The number is returned in cell B15 (ReformattedNumber) converted to use comma (,) as group separator and point (.) as decimal separator.

File

Enter the full path to a file including the file extension in cell B6 (FullFileName_Input). The following formulas are available:

  • File name (FileName) - returns the file name including extension from the file path added in cell B6.
  • File extension (FileExtension) - returns the file extension from the file path added in cell B6.
  • File name no extension (FileNameNoExtension) - returns the file name without extension from the file path added in cell B6.
  • Folder (Folder) - returns the path to the folder that contains the file whose path was added in cell B6.
  • Reformatted File Name (ReformattedFileName) - returns the values in cells B9 and B10 separated by . (point). The result is the file name with extension.

For an example of how you can use the formulas in the File sheet, see Tutorial: Saving, Renaming, and Moving Attachments.

Updated 10 months ago



Excel Automation


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