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UiPath Automation Suite

UiPath Automation Suite 指南

硬件和软件要求

此页面帮助您了解如何安装 Automation Suite 及其全套功能。

术语


To find out more about the core concepts used in an Automation Suite deployment, see Glossary.

 

产品选择


默认安装体验包括两种产品选择:

  • Complete (All products) – Install the complete list of products available in Automation Suite. For details, see Automation Suite products.
  • Select products – Allows you to select and install only the products you are interested in. Note, however, that the installer takes the cross-product dependencies into consideration. That means that if a product requires the installation of another product, you must install both of them. For details, see Cross-product dependencies.

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备注:

初始安装后,您可以随时在同一部署中启用其他产品,而无需重新安装。 有关详细信息,请参阅管理产品

我们建议在添加其他产品之前,根据预期使用情况验证硬件要求,并确保部署具有足够的容量。有关详细信息,请参阅容量规划

 

选择您的部署配置文件


You can deploy Automation Suite in either single-node evaluation or multi-node HA-ready production mode. While most of the prerequisites for the two profiles are identical, multi-node HA-ready production mode requires additional resources.

Once the deployment starts, you cannot switch or upgrade from one deployment profile to another. Before choosing your deployment profile, see Supported use cases for single-node and multi-node installations.

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重要

无论您选择哪种部署配置文件,都需要具备 Linux 和 Kubernetes 知识。 如果您在安装和配置 Automation Suite 时遇到问题,请联系 UiPath 专业服务。

 

部署配置文件预览


The following table describes the prerequisites both single-node evaluation profile and multi-node HA-ready production profile must meet. Profile-specific prerequisites are marked accordingly.

部署配置文件 先决条件 安装
单节点评估配置文件 一台 Linux 计算机(RHEL 8.3、8.4、8.5、8.6)
  • 使用 Task Mining 时需要额外的 Linux 计算机
  • 使用 Automation Suite 机器人时,可以选择额外的 Linux 计算机
  • Additional Linux machine with GPU support is optional when using Document Understanding
备注
  • 我们在新的 RHEL 次要版本发布后 90 天内支持新版本。
  • 我们不支持 SELinux。 请务必在安装 Automation Suite 之前将其禁用。
  • Microsoft SQL Server(2016、2017、2019 - 标准版和企业版)
  • 只要 Microsoft SQL Server 数据库引擎满足要求,其他 Microsoft SQL 平台(如 Azure SQL 数据库或 Azure SQL 托管实例)以及 Amazon Relational Database Service 也受支持。
  • An additional Microsoft SQL Server is recommended for Process Mining.
Dns
TLS 1.2+
受信任的 TLS、令牌签名和 SQL 连接加密证书
代理服务器
(可选)
Kerberos 身份验证
(可选)
多节点 HA 就绪生产配置文件 最少 3 台 Linux 计算机(RHEL 8.3、8.4、8.5、8.6)
  • 使用 Task Mining 时需要额外的 Linux 计算机
  • Additional Linux machine is required when using Automation Suite Robots
  • Additional Linux machine with GPU support is optional when using Document Understanding
备注
  • 我们在新的 RHEL 次要版本发布后 90 天内支持新版本。
  • 我们不支持 SELinux。 请务必在安装 Automation Suite 之前将其禁用。
  • Microsoft SQL Server(2016、2017、2019 - 标准版和企业版)
  • 只要 Microsoft SQL Server 数据库引擎满足要求,其他 Microsoft SQL 平台(如 Azure SQL 数据库或 Azure SQL 托管实例)以及 Amazon Relational Database Service 也受支持。
  • An additional Microsoft SQL Server is required for Process Mining.
Dns
TLS 1.2+
受信任的 TLS、令牌签名和 SQL 连接加密证书
负载均衡器
代理服务器
(可选)
Kerberos 身份验证
(可选)

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重要

您需要根用户权限才能安装和部署 Automation Suite。
有关需要根用户权限访问特定组件的更多信息,请参阅根用户权限要求


Having scan agents running on your system may cause installation or runtime failures, due to the changes they make to the IPTables. To avoid this behavior, configure your scan agent so that it does not interfere with the Automation Suite installation.

 

硬件要求


The following sections list out the hardware requirements for both the Complete product selection and individual products.

完整的产品选择:硬件要求


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重要

联邦信息处理标准 (FIPS) 与 Automation Suite 不兼容。 如果在运行 Automation Suite 的服务器上启用 FIP,则集群将失败。 如果在任何集群服务器上启用了 FIP,则安装程序将遇到阻止安装的问题。


最低硬件要求不能保护部署免受节点故障的影响。


多节点 HA 就绪生产配置文件仅可应对一个节点故障。 这意味着您只能丢失一个服务器节点。 此限制不适用于代理节点。 只要有足够的整体集群容量可用,您就可以失去尽可能多的代理节点,但仍可以继续使用集群而不会停机。
You can increase the server node tolerance to failure by following the instructions in Advanced installation experience.

以下部分介绍了完整产品选择的硬性要求。

一般要求

Hardware for all productsSingle-node minimum requirementMulti-node minimum requirements
Processor132 (v-)CPU/cores96 (v-)CPU/cores
Minimum processor per nodeN/A8 (v-)CPU/cores
RAM64 GiB192 GiB
Minimum RAM per nodeN/A16 GiB
Cluster binaries and state disk for each node256 GiB SSD
Min IOPS: 1100
256 GiB SSD
Min IOPS: 1100
Data disk2512 GiB SSD
Min IOPS: 1100
512 GiB SSD
Min IOPS: 1100
etcd disk for server node16 GiB SSD
Min IOPS: 240
16 GiB SSD
Min IOPS: 240
UiPath bundle disk
(For offline installation only, on one of the server nodes)
512 GiB SSD
Min IOPS: 1100
512 GiB SSD
Min IOPS: 1100
Objectstore3512 GiB SSD
Min IOPS: 1100
512 GiB SSD
Min IOPS: 1100

1 If you are using UiPath Apps, your CPU must have AVX support.
2 The data disk is used as a block store.
3 This refers to the in-cluster objectstore and is not applicable if you use external objectstore.

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如果您在单节点评估模式下安装 Automation Suite,并且没有具有 32 (v-)CPU/内核和 64 GiB RAM 的计算机,则可以使用至少具有 8 (v-)CPU/内核的计算机和 16 GiB 的 RAM。 有关更多详细信息,请参阅容量计算器
If you choose this option, follow the multi-node installation and configuration instructions.

add saying example for installing a complete suite you can bring 1 server node and 4 agent nodes of 8vCPU and 16GB each.


To install the Complete product selection in single-node evaluation mode, you can bring 1 server node and 4 agent nodes of 8(v-)CPU and 16GiB each.


It is recommended to bring external objectstore whenever possible. This helps in scaling the objectstore independently of the cluster, and brings additional stability. We support the following objectstore options:

  • Azure storage account
  • AWS S3 存储桶
  • S3 compatible storage bucket

其他 Task Mining 要求

Task Mining requires an additional agent node that must meet the following requirements:

HardwareMinimum requirement
Processor20 (v-)CPU/cores
RAM60 GiB
Cluster binaries and state disk256 GiB SSD
Min IOPS: 1100
Data diskN/A

Additional Automation Suite Robots requirements

In multi-node HA-ready production environments, Automation Suite Robots require an additional agent node. In single-node evaluation environments, an additional Automation Suite Robots node is optional.

The hardware requirements for the Automation Suite Robots node depend on the way you plan to use your resources. In addition to the additional agent node requirements, you also need a minimum of 10 GB to enable package caching.

The following sections describe the factors that impact the amount of hardware the Automation Suite Robots node requires.

Robot size

The following table describes the required CPU, memory, and storage for all robot sizes.

SizeCPUMemoryStorage
Small0.51 GB1 GB
Standard12 GB2 GB
Medium24 GB4 GB
Large610 GB10 GB

Agent node size

The resources of the Automation Suite Robots agent node have an impact on the number of jobs that can be run concurrently. The reason is that the number of CPU cores and the amount of RAM capacity are divided by the CPU/memory requirements of the job.

For example, a node with 16 CPUs and 32 GB of RAM would be able to run any of the following:

  • 32 Small jobs
  • 16 Standard jobs
  • 8 Medium jobs
  • 2 个大型作业

Job sizes can be mixed, so at any given moment, the same node could run a combination of jobs, such as the following:

  • 10 个小型作业(使用 5 个 CPU 和 10 GB 内存)
  • 4 Standard jobs (consuming 4 CPUs and 8 GB of memory)
  • 3 个中型作业(使用 6 个 CPU 和 12 GB 内存)

Kubernetes resource consumption

Given that the node is part of a Kubernetes cluster, the Kubernetes agent present on the server (kubelet) consumes a small amount of resources. Based on our measurements, the kubelet consumes the following resources:

  • 0.6 CPU
  • 0.4 GB RAM

A node similar to the one previously described would actually have approximately 15.4 CPUs and 31.6 GB of RAM.

Additional Document Understanding recommendations

For increased performance, you can install Document Understanding on an additional agent node with GPU support. Note, however, that Document Understanding is fully functional without the GPU node. Actually, Document Understanding uses CPU VMs for all its extraction and classification tasks, while for OCR we strongly recommend the usage of a GPU VM. Here you can find more information about the CPU/GPU usage within the Document Understand framework.

If you want to use an additional node with GPU support, you must meet the following requirements:

HardwareMinimum requirement
Processor8 (v-)CPU/cores
RAM52 GiB
Cluster binaries and state disk256 GiB SSD
Min IOPS: 1100
Data diskN/A
GPU RAM11 GiB

For more details, see AI Center considerations.

Additional UiPath Apps recommendations

If you are using UiPath Apps, your CPU must have AVX support. For more information, check the official MongoDB documentation.

 

单个产品:硬件要求

本节列出了成功部署 Automation Suite 的最低硬件要求。部署的最低硬件要求是共享套件功能和您安装的各个产品的要求之和。

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除了满足本节中列出的最低硬件要求外,强烈建议使用 20% 的缓冲区

The following table lists the requirements for the shared suite capabilities:

Layer 单节点评估配置文件 多节点 HA 就绪生产模式
CPU RAM CPU RAM
共享的 Suite 功能 9.5 (v-)CPU 16.4 GiB 40 (v-)CPU 47.6 GiB

下表列出了各个产品的要求:

产品 Single node-evaluation mode 多节点 HA 就绪生产模式
CPU RAM CPU RAM
Action Center 0.7 (v-)CPU 2.1 GiB 2 (v-)CPU 4.7 GiB
AI Center 2 (v-)CPU 6.5 GiB 5.5 (v-)CPU 14 GiB
Apps 2.8 (v-)CPU 7.2 GiB 7.25 (v-)CPU 18.5 GiB
Automation Hub 0.5 (v-)CPU 1.4 GiB 2 (v-)CPU 3.5 GiB
Automation Ops 0.2 (v-)CPU 0.7 GiB 1 (v-)CPU 1.7 GiB
Automation Suite 机器人 0.5 (v-)CPU 0.7 GiB 1 (v-)CPU 1.5 GiB
Data Service 0.2 (v-)CPU 0.5 GiB 0.5 (v-)CPU 1 GiB
Document Understanding 3.2 (v-)CPU 4 GiB 6.7 (v-)CPU 8.6 GiB
Insights 0.3 (v-)CPU 1.7 GiB 1.5 (v-)CPU 5 GiB
Orchestrator 1 1 (v-)CPU 2.6 GiB 3.5 (v-)CPU 7.2 GiB
Process Mining 2.2 (v-)CPU 12 GiB 5.1 (v-)CPU 24 GiB
Task Mining 4 (v-)CPU 5 GiB 8.4 (v-)CPU 10 GiB
Test Manager 0.5 (v-)CPU 1 GiB 1 (v-)CPU 2 GiB

1 For large robot deployments, you need to increase your Orchestrator HPA capacity. For an over 100.000-robot deployment, we recommend at least 20 pods.

 

RPM package requirements


在开始安装 Automation Suite 之前,您必须确保满足以下要求:

  • you have a RHEL subscription;
  • 您已启用 BaseOS 和 AppStream 存储库;
  • 您已安装所需的RPM 包

下表列出了所需的 RPM 包:

RPM packageDescription
iscsi-initiator-utils nfs-utils rpcbind util-linux nmap-ncat openssl httpd-tools gettext zstdRequired on nodes for installation.
podman>=3.2.3 nmap-ncat bind-utils openssl wget unzip conmon=>2.0.24Required on nodes for the execution of the readiness check.
ansible zip unzipRequired on the orchestration node for the execution of the uipathctl.sh functionality requiring Ansible.
iscsi-initiator-utils gettext nfs-utils rpcbind util-linux nmap-ncat openssl httpd-tools podman=>3.2.3 zstdRequired for offline installations only.

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RHEL 8.3 includes Podman 1.6 by default, which may cause installation issues. To prevent this, update Podman to version 3.2.3.
默认情况下, RHEL 8.4 及更高版本在 BaseOS 和 AppStream 存储库中具有所需的 RPM 包。

手动安装

如果您执行 Automation Suite 的手动全新安装,则必须确保满足 RPM 包要求。 在这种情况下,您有责任安装所需的 RPM 包。

If you upgrade from a previous Automation Suite version, you have already installed the RPM packages.

For details on the tools you can use to install and validate RPM packages, see the following:

Cloud templates

If you install Automation Suite using our Azure, AWS, or GCP templates, no action is needed from your side. The templates provision the full infrastructure, including the RPM packages.

 

Microsoft SQL Server 一般要求


安装需要外部 SQL Server 作为先决条件。 支持 Microsoft SQL Server 2016、2017 和 2019 标准版和企业版。

只要 Microsoft SQL Server 数据库引擎满足要求,其他 Microsoft SQL 平台(如 Azure SQL 数据库或 Azure SQL 托管实例)以及 Amazon Relational Database Service 也受支持。

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备注:

确保可以从每个集群虚拟机访问 SQL Server。

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SQL Server 版本兼容性和先决条件:

各个产品支持的配置各不相同。

对于计划部署的每个产品,您必须:

  • 根据产品的要求检查 SQL Server 的支持版本;
  • 根据产品的要求,应用 SQL Server 配置先决条件,包括 SQL Server 用户权限。

有关产品特定的 SQL Server 要求的更多信息,请参阅单节点评估配置文件的 SQL Server 配置多节点 HA 就绪生产配置文件的 SQL Server 配置

Microsoft SQL Server 的一般最低硬件要求如下:

  • 8 (v-)CPU
  • 32 GiB RAM
  • 256 GiB SSD

这些最低要求仅作为一般指导原则,并不能保证在生产部署中可靠地运行。您需要进行容量规划,以确定可靠运行所需的硬件要求。

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SQL Server 容量规划:

对于计划部署的每个产品,您必须评估预计的使用情况并应用产品指定的容量规划指南。此信息可在每个产品的帮助部分中找到。

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备注:

有关为Process Mining设置 Microsoft SQL Server 数据库计算机的其他硬件要求和建议,请参阅配置 Microsoft SQL Server

 

NFS 服务器一般要求


要启用备份,需要使用外部 NFS 服务器。

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备注:

确保可以从每个集群虚拟机访问 NFS 服务器。

NFS 服务器的一般最低硬件要求如下:

CPURAMDisk
4 (v-)CPU8 GiB4 TiB SSD (1100 IOPS)

Updated about 8 hours ago


硬件和软件要求


此页面帮助您了解如何安装 Automation Suite 及其全套功能。

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